Grasshoppers of Florida

After loving grasshoppers as a kid, then subsequently paying them little attention, I’ve fallen back in love with grasshoppers!  Probably the main reason grasshoppers have returned to the top of my list of favorite insects is due to a great book that enables me to identify virtually all of the species in Florida, where I’ve been living since 2006.  Easy access to species-specific information always makes learning a new group more fun and rewarding, and I thank Dr. Capinera for paving the way for me!

For the past few months, I’ve attempted to photograph most of the grasshopper species I encounter, as I try to learn them.  I’ve found grasshoppers to be incredibly photogenic, and usually not too difficult to sneak up on to photograph with a macro lens (100mm).  That is, not too difficult compared to butterflies…

Up until now, I’ve simply tweeted all of my grasshopper photos, in order to share them with anyone interested.  In an effort to keep track of which Florida species I’ve photographed, plan trips to photograph missing species, and to archive these photos in a place where they may be more easily accessible, I’ve decided to maintain the following list of Florida grasshopper species, illustrated with my photos, as a blog post.  I’ll update this post regularly as I obtain additional photos.

While the Capinera book is by far the best reference for Florida grasshopper species, much new information has been gathered since the book’s publication, and several new taxa have been described.  Currently, the most up-to-date list of Florida grasshopper species is maintained by the Mississippi Entomological Museum, listing 94 taxa (88 species + some subspecies) for the state.  The list below is taken directly from the Mississippi Entomological Museum’s site, and will be updated as their list is updated.

Gomphocerinae

Achurum carinatum (F. Walker)  Longheaded Toothpick Grasshopper

Achurum carinatum, FL: Levy Co., near Bronson, 7-XII-2013

Achurum carinatum, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 7-XII-2013

FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 19-V-2013

Achurum carinatum male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 19-V-2013

Amblytropidia mysteca (Saussure)  Brown Winter Grasshopper

Amblytropidia mysteca, FL: Alachua Co.: Longleaf Flatwoods Reserve, 9-XI-2013

Amblytropidia mysteca, FL: Alachua Co.: Longleaf Flatwoods Reserve, 9-XI-2013

Dichromorpha elegans (Morse)  Elegant Grasshopper

Dichromorpha viridis (Scudder)  Shortwinged Green Grasshopper

male, FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 13-X-2013

Dichromorpha viridis male, FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 13-X-2013

female, FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 13-X-2013

Dichromorpha viridis female, FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 13-X-2013

female, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 31-X-2013

Dichromorpha viridis female, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 31-X-2013

Eritettix obscurus (Scudder)  Obscure Slantfaced Grasshopper

Mermiria bivittata (Serville)  Twostriped Mermiria Grasshopper

Mermiria intertexta Scudder  Eastern Mermiria Grasshopper

Mermiria picta (F. Walker)  Lively Mermiria Grasshopper

Orphulella pelidna (Burmeister)  Spotwinged Grasshopper

male, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 31-X-2013

Orphulella pelidna male, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 31-X-2013

Orphulella pelidna male, FL: Levy Co., Cedar Key Scrub State Reserve, 8-XII-2013

Orphulella pelidna green form male, FL: Levy Co.: Cedar Key Scrub State Reserve, 8-XII-2013

Orphulella pelidna ovipositing female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 8-XI-2013

Orphulella pelidna ovipositing female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 8-XI-2013

Syrbula admirabilis (Uhler)  Handsome Grasshopper

Syrbula admirabilis male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 11-XI-2013

Syrbula admirabilis male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 11-XI-2013

Acridinae

Metaleptea brevicornis (Johannson)  Clippedwing Grasshopper

FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 13-X-2013

Metaleptea brevicornis male, FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 13-X-2013

Metaleptea brevicornis, FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 9-XI-2013

Metaleptea brevicornis, FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 9-XI-2013

Oedipodinae

Arphia granulata (Sassure)  Southern Yellowwinged Grasshopper

FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 19-V-2013

Arphia granulata male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 19-V-2013

FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 13-X-2013

Arphia granulata male, FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 13-X-2013

Arphia sulphurea (Fabricius)  Sulfurwinged Grasshopper

Arphia xanthoptera (Burmeister)  Autumn Yellowwinged Grasshopper

Chortophaga austrailor Rehn & Hebard  Southern Greenstriped Grasshopper

green form, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

Chortophaga australior green form female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

brown form, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

Chortophaga australior brown form male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

being eaten by a robberfly (Proctacanthus sp.), FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 2-IX-2013

Chortophaga australior being eaten by a robberfly (Proctacanthus sp.), FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 2-IX-2013

Dissosteira carolina (Linnaeus)  Carolina Grasshopper

Hippiscus ocelote (Saussure)  Wrinkled Grasshopper

FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 26-X-2013

Hippiscus ocelote male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 26-X-2013

Pardalophora phoenicoptera (Burmeister)  Orangewinged Grasshopper

Psinidia fenestralis (Serville)  Longhorn Bandwinged Grasshopper

FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

Psinidia fenestralis male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

Psinidia fenestralis female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

Spharagemon bolli Scudder  Boll’s Grasshopper

Spharagemon crepitans (Saussure)  Crepitating Grasshopper

Spharagemon cristatum (Scudder)  Ridgeback Sand Grasshopper

Spharagemon cristatum, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 28-XI-2013

Spharagemon cristatum, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 28-XI-2013

Spharagemon cristatum, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 8-XI-2013

Spharagemon cristatum, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 8-XI-2013

Spharagemon marmorata picta (Scudder)  Marbled Grasshopper

male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

Spharagemon marmorata picta male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

Spharagemon marmorata picta female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 27-IV-2013

Trimerotropis maritima (Harris)  Seaside Grasshopper

Leptysminane

Leptysma marginicollis (Serville)  Cattail Toothpick Grasshopper

Stenacris vitreipennis (Marschall)  Glassywinged Toothpick Grasshopper

Cyrtacanthacridinae

Schistocerca alutacea Harris  Rusty Grasshopper

Schistocerca alutacea female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 11-XI-2013

Schistocerca alutacea female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 11-XI-2013

Schistocerca americana (Drury)  American Bird Grasshopper

FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 23-X-2013

Schistocerca americana male, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 23-X-2013

Schistocera ceratiola Hubbell and Walker  Rosemary Grasshopper

Schistocerca ceratiola female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 8-XI-2013

Schistocerca ceratiola female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 8-XI-2013

Schistocerca ceratiola male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 28-XI-2013

Schistocerca ceratiola male, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 28-XI-2013

Schistocerca ceratiola mating pair, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 11-XI-2013

Schistocerca ceratiola mating pair, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 11-XI-2013

Schistocerca damnifica (Saussure)  Mischevous Grasshopper

FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 30-X-2013

Schistocerca damnifica male, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 30-X-2013

Schistocerca obscura (Fabricius)  Obscure Bird Grasshopper

Schistocerca rubiginosa (Harris)  Rubiginosa Grasshopper

Melanoplinae

Aptenopedes aptera aptera Scudder  Wingless Florida Grasshopper

FL: Marion Co.: W of Ocala, 25-X-2013

Aptenopedes aptera aptera male, FL: Marion Co.: W of Ocala, 25-X-2013

Aptenopedes aptera aptera female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 28-XI-2013

Aptenopedes aptera aptera female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 28-XI-2013

female, FL: Marion Co., W of Ocala, 25-X-2013

Aptenopedes aptera aptera female, FL: Marion Co., W of Ocala, 25-X-2013

Aptenopedes aptera aptera mating pair, FL: Alachua Co.: Longleaf Flatwoods Reserve, 9-XI-2013

Aptenopedes aptera aptera mating pair, FL: Alachua Co.: Longleaf Flatwoods Reserve, 9-XI-2013

Aptenopedes aptera coquinae Hebard  Wingless Florida Grasshopper

Aptenopedes aptera saturiba Hebard  Wingless Florida Grasshopper

Aptenopedes aptera simplex Hebard  Wingless Florida Grasshopper

Aptenopedes hubbelli Hebard  Hubbell’s Grasshopper

Aptenopedes nigropicta Hebard  Nigropicta Grasshopper

Aptenopedes robusta Hebard  Robust Grasshopper

Aptenopedes sphenariodes apalachee Hebard  Linearwinged Grasshopper

Aptenopedes sphenarioides clara Rehn  Linearwinged Grasshopper

Aptenopedes sphenarioides sphenarioides Scudder  Linearwinged Grasshopper

male, FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 13-X-2013

Aptenopedes sphenarioides sphenarioides male, FL: Alachua Co.: Cross Creek: Seven Sisters, 13-X-2013

Aptenopedes sphenarioides sphenarioides male, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 14-XI-2013

Aptenopedes sphenarioides sphenarioides male, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 14-XI-2013

Aptenopedes sphenarioides sphenarioides male, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 12-XII-2013

Aptenopedes sphenarioides sphenarioides male, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 12-XII-2013

FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 5-X-2013

Aptenopedes sphenarioides sphenarioides female, FL: Levy Co.: near Bronson, 5-X-2013

Eotettix palustris Morse  Swamp Eastern Grasshopper

Eotettix pusillus Morse  Little Eastern Grasshopper

Eotettix signatus Scudder  Handsome Florida Grasshopper

Gymnoscirtetes morsei Hebard  Morse’s Wingless Grasshopper

Gymnoscirtetes pusillus Scudder  Little Wingless Grasshopper

Gymnoscirtetes pusillus mating pair, FL: Alachua Co.: Longleaf Flatwoods Reserve, 9-XI-2013

Gymnoscirtetes pusillus mating pair, FL: Alachua Co.: Longleaf Flatwoods Reserve, 9-XI-2013

Hesperotettix floridensis Morse  Florida Purplestriped Grasshopper

Hesprotettix gemmicula Hebard  Gemmicula Grasshopper

Hesperotettix osceola Hebard  Osceola’s Grasshopper

Hesperotettix viridis pratensis Scudder  Meadow Purplestriped Grasshopper

Melanoplus adelogyrus Hubbell  St. Johns Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus apalachicolae Hubbell  Apalachicola Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus bispinosus Scudder  Twospined Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus bonita Otte  Beautiful Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus carrabellae Otte  Carrabell’s Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus childsi Otte  Child’s Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus davisi Hebard  Davis’ Oak Grasshopper

Melanoplus decoratus Morse  Decorated Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus forcipatus Hubbell  Toothcercus Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus furcatus Scudder  Larger Forktailed Grasshopper

Melanoplus gurneyi Strohecker  Gurney’s Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus impudicus Scudder  Immodest Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus indicifer Hubbell  Spinecercus Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus keeleri keeleri (Thomas)  Keeler’s Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus kissimmee Otte  Kissimmee Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus nanciae Deyrup  Ocala Clawcercus Grasshopper

Melanoplus ordwayae Deyrup  Trail Ridge Scrub Grasshopper

Melanoplus peatus Otte  Peatus Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus peninsularis Hubbell  Peninsular Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus propinquus Scudder  Southern Redlegged Grasshopper

male, FL: Marion Co.: W of Ocala, 25-X-2013

Melanoplus propinquus male, FL: Marion Co.: W of Ocala, 25-X-2013

male, FL: Marion Co.: W of Ocala, 25-X-2013

Melanoplus propinquus male, FL: Marion Co.: W of Ocala, 25-X-2013

ovipositing female, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 31-X-2013

Melanoplus propinquus ovipositing female, FL: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, UF campus at NATL, 31-X-2013

Melanoplus puer (Scudder)  Florida Least Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus punctulatus arboreus Scudder  Pinetree Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus punctulatus punctulatus (Scudder)  Pinetree Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus pygmaeus Davis  Pygmy Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus quercicola Hebard  Acorn Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus querneus Rehn and Hebard  Oak Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus rotundipennis (Scudder)  Roundwinged Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus sanguinipes vulturnus Gurney and Brooks  Migratory Grasshopper

Melanoplus scapularis Rehn and Hebard  Lesser Forktailed Grasshopper

Melanoplus scudderi scudderi (Uhler)  Scudder’s Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus sebringi Otte  Sebring’s Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus seminole Hubbell  Seminole Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus strumosus Morse  Strumosus Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus symmetricus Morse  Symmetrical Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus tepidus Morse  Southern Obovatewinged Grasshopper

Melanoplus tequestae Hubbell  Tequesta Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus withlacoocheensis Squitier and Deyrup  Withlacoochee Spurthroat Grasshopper

Melanoplus zento Otte  Zento Spurthroat Grasshopper

Paroxya atlantica Scudder  Atlantic Grasshopper

Paroxya clavuliger (Serville)  Olivegreen Swamp Grasshopper

Paroxya paroxyoides (Scudder)  Paroxyoides Swamp Grasshopper

Paroxya recta Scudder  Recta Swamp Grasshopper

Romaleidae

Romalea microptera (Beauvois)  Eastern Lubber Grasshopper

nymph, FL: Levy Co., ca. 8 mi SW Bronson, 19-V-2013

Romalea microptera nymph, FL: Levy Co., ca. 8 mi SW Bronson, 19-V-2013

FL: Marion Co.: Hwy. 316 at Oklawaha River, 15-IX-2013

Romalea microptera female, FL: Marion Co.: Hwy. 316 at Oklawaha River, 15-IX-2013

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